Ch.20 - Organic ChemistrySee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Naming Alkanes

See all sections
Sections
Introduction to Organic Chemistry
Structural Formula
Chirality
Optical Isomers
Hydrocarbon
The Alkyl Group
Naming Alkanes
Naming Alkenes
Naming Alkynes
Alkane Reactions
Alkenes and Alkynes
Benzene Reactions
Functional Groups
Alcohol Reactions
Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions
Additional Practice
Stereoisomers
Organic Chemistry Nomenclature
Polymer

Solution: NAMING ALKANES When naming any alkane compound there is a set of rules you should follow to get the correct answer. Find the longest carbon chain and assign a root name accordingly. If there is a tie between longest chains, choose the chain that gives _____________ substituents. Number the chain from the end closest to a substituent. Substituents will be named alphabetically and a number will accompany the location of their attachment. If more than one of a similar alkyl group is present then we must use numerical prefixes to describe the number of them. __________ – 2                __________ – 3                __________ – 4                __________ – 5  

Problem

NAMING ALKANES

When naming any alkane compound there is a set of rules you should follow to get the correct answer.

  1. Find the longest carbon chain and assign a root name accordingly.
  2. If there is a tie between longest chains, choose the chain that gives _____________ substituents.
  3. Number the chain from the end closest to a substituent.
  4. Substituents will be named alphabetically and a number will accompany the location of their attachment.
  5. If more than one of a similar alkyl group is present then we must use numerical prefixes to describe the number of them.

__________ – 2                __________ – 3                __________ – 4                __________ – 5