Ch.15 - Acid and Base EquilibriumSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: When it comes to naming acids we must follow these rules. Naming ACIDS. 1)  BINARY ACIDS                   Features:   HYDROGEN  +   NONMETAL(S)  +  NO OXYGEN Rules for Naming: The prefix will be hydro-. Use the root of the nonmetal as the base name. The suffix will be –ic acid. a. HCN                                                                           b. Hydrotelluric acid         2)  OXOACIDS or OXYACIDS             Features:   HYDROGEN +  POLYATOMIC ION W/ OXYGEN Rules for Naming: When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with –ate then change the ending to –ic acid. When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with –ite then change the ending to –ous acid.  a. HNO2                                      b. Carbonic acid                          c. Sulfurous acid

Problem

When it comes to naming acids we must follow these rules.

Naming ACIDS.

1)  BINARY ACIDS                   Features:   HYDROGEN  +   NONMETAL(S)  +  NO OXYGEN

Rules for Naming:

  1. The prefix will be hydro-.
  2. Use the root of the nonmetal as the base name.
  3. The suffix will be ic acid.

a. HCN                                                                           b. Hydrotelluric acid

 

 

 

 

2)  OXOACIDS or OXYACIDS             Features:   HYDROGEN +  POLYATOMIC ION W/ OXYGEN

Rules for Naming:

  1. When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with ate then change the ending to –ic acid.
  2. When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with ite then change the ending to –ous acid.

 a. HNO2                                      b. Carbonic acid                          c. Sulfurous acid