Chemistry Practice Problems Identifying Acids and Bases Practice Problems Solution: When it comes to naming acids we must follow these...

Solution: When it comes to naming acids we must follow these rules. Naming ACIDS. 1)  BINARY ACIDS                   Features:   HYDROGEN  +   NONMETAL(S)  +  NO OXYGEN Rules for Naming: The prefix will be hydro-. Use the root of the nonmetal as the base name. The suffix will be –ic acid. a. HCN                                                                           b. Hydrotelluric acid         2)  OXOACIDS or OXYACIDS             Features:   HYDROGEN +  POLYATOMIC ION W/ OXYGEN Rules for Naming: When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with –ate then change the ending to –ic acid. When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with –ite then change the ending to –ous acid.  a. HNO2                                      b. Carbonic acid                          c. Sulfurous acid

Problem

When it comes to naming acids we must follow these rules.

Naming ACIDS.

1)  BINARY ACIDS                   Features:   HYDROGEN  +   NONMETAL(S)  +  NO OXYGEN

Rules for Naming:

  1. The prefix will be hydro-.
  2. Use the root of the nonmetal as the base name.
  3. The suffix will be ic acid.

a. HCN                                                                           b. Hydrotelluric acid

 

 

 

 

2)  OXOACIDS or OXYACIDS             Features:   HYDROGEN +  POLYATOMIC ION W/ OXYGEN

Rules for Naming:

  1. When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with ate then change the ending to –ic acid.
  2. When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic ion ends with ite then change the ending to –ous acid.

 a. HNO2                                      b. Carbonic acid                          c. Sulfurous acid