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Solution: What is the best explanation for the fact that the ionization energy of boron is lower than that of beryllium? 1. the quantum mechanical stability of the filled s subshell of beryllium 2. the increased repulsion experienced by the electrons in beryllium 3. boron has a larger effective nuclear charge than beryllium. 4. the radius of boron is smaller than that of beryllium making it easy to remove an electron

Problem

What is the best explanation for the fact that the ionization energy of boron is lower than that of beryllium?

1. the quantum mechanical stability of the filled s subshell of beryllium

2. the increased repulsion experienced by the electrons in beryllium

3. boron has a larger effective nuclear charge than beryllium.

4. the radius of boron is smaller than that of beryllium making it easy to remove an electron