We’re being asked to determine the empirical formula of a compound composed of C, H, and O given the combustion analysis.
Recall that in combustion analysis, a compound reacts with excess O2 to form products.
For a compound composed of C, H, and O, the reaction looks like this:
CxHyOz + O2 (excess) → x CO2 + y H2O
This means we need to do the following steps:
Step 1: Calculate the mass of C and H in the compound.
Step 2: Calculate the mass of O in the compound.
Step 3: Determine the lowest whole number ratio of C, H, and O to get the empirical formula.
Step 4: Get the ratio of the molar mass and empirical mass to determine the molecular formula.
Isoeugenol is the compound which gives the characteristic odor to nutmeg and contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. If a 0.500 g sample of isoeugenol is combusted it gives 1.341 g of CO2 and 0.329 g of H2O. Isoeugenol has a molecular weight of 164 g/mol. What is the molecular formula of isoeugenol?
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Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Combustion Analysis concept. You can view video lessons to learn Combustion Analysis. Or if you need more Combustion Analysis practice, you can also practice Combustion Analysis practice problems.
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