We’re being asked to name the compound HClO3(aq) in aqueous solution.
Recall that acids come in two different forms: Binary acids and Oxyacids (or oxoacids).
A binary acid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to negative ion.
An oxyacid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to a polyatomic ion containing oxygen.
Rules for Naming Binary Acids:
a. The prefix will be hydro-
b. Use the base name of the nonmetal (anion)
Which of the following shows both the correct formula and the correct name of an acid?
A. HClO2 , caloric acid
B. HNO2 , hydronitrous acid
C. H3PO4 , phosphoric acid
D. HI , iodic acid
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