Naming Acids Video Lessons

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Concept:

Problem: Which of the following shows both the correct formula and the correct name of an acid?A. HClO2 , caloric acidB. HNO2 , hydronitrous acidC. H3PO4 , phosphoric acidD. HI , iodic acid

FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to name the compound HClO3(aq) in aqueous solution

Recall that acids come in two different forms: Binary acids and Oxyacids (or oxoacids).

A binary acid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to negative ion

An oxyacid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to a polyatomic ion containing oxygen


Rules for Naming Binary Acids:

a. The prefix will be hydro-

b. Use the base name of the nonmetal (anion)

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Problem Details

Which of the following shows both the correct formula and the correct name of an acid?

A. HClO2 , caloric acid

B. HNO, hydronitrous acid

C. H3PO4 , phosphoric acid

D. HI , iodic acid

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