Problem: Which description correctly characterizes the acidity or basicity of a solution? a. The higher the pH is, the more the hydroxide ion concentration decreases and the more acidic the solution becomes. b. The higher the pH is, the more the hydroxide ion concentration increases and the more basic the solution becomes. c. The lower the pH is, the more the hydronium ion concentration decreases and the more acidic the solution becomes. d. The lower the pH is, the more the hydronium ion concentration increases and the more basic the solution becomes.

FREE Expert Solution

The pH and pOH of a compound determine its acidity and basicity.

• pH

▪ pH stands for the negative logarithmic function of hydronium ion concentration
can be calculated using the following equation:


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Problem Details

Which description correctly characterizes the acidity or basicity of a solution? 

a. The higher the pH is, the more the hydroxide ion concentration decreases and the more acidic the solution becomes. 

b. The higher the pH is, the more the hydroxide ion concentration increases and the more basic the solution becomes. 

c. The lower the pH is, the more the hydronium ion concentration decreases and the more acidic the solution becomes. 

d. The lower the pH is, the more the hydronium ion concentration increases and the more basic the solution becomes.

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