Problem: Pick an appropriate solvent(s) from table to dissolve each of the following substances. Common polar solventsCommon nonpolar solventsWater (H2O)Hexane (C6H14)Acetone (CH3COCH3)Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)Methyl alcohol (CH3OH)Toluene (C7H8)Express your answer as a chemical formula. If there is more than one answer, separate them by a comma.Part A. glucose (polar)Part B. salt (ionic)Part C. vegetable oil (nonpolar) Part D. sodium nitrate (ionic) 

FREE Expert Solution

We’re going to use the theory “likes” dissolving “likes” which states that the solvent can only completely dissolve the solute if they share similar polarity

Therefore, a pure solvent with similar polarity can successfully dissolve a solute to create a solution. 


Intermolecular Forces (IMF) are the attractive forces between 2 molecules.

Ion-dipole

strongest IMF
▪ deals with the attraction between an ion and a polar compound.

 Hydrogen Bonding


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Problem Details

Pick an appropriate solvent(s) from table to dissolve each of the following substances. 

Common polar solventsCommon nonpolar solvents
Water (H2O)Hexane (C6H14)
Acetone (CH3COCH3)Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)
Methyl alcohol (CH3OH)Toluene (C7H8)


Express your answer as a chemical formula. If there is more than one answer, separate them by a comma.

Part A. glucose (polar)

Part B. salt (ionic)

Part C. vegetable oil (nonpolar) 

Part D. sodium nitrate (ionic) 

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Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces concept. You can view video lessons to learn Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces. Or if you need more Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces practice, you can also practice Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces practice problems.