Problem: Which of the following pairs exhibit an ion-dipole interaction?CH3OH and Na+CH3CH2OH and H2OCl– and K+CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 and CH3CH2CH2CH2COOH

FREE Expert Solution

Recall that there are several types of intermolecular forces:

1. Ion-dipole interaction – occurs between an ion and a polar covalent compound

2. Hydrogen bonding – occurs in compounds where hydrogen is directly connected to an electronegative element such as N, O, or F

3. Dipole-dipole interaction – occurs between two polar covalent compounds

4. Induced-dipole interaction – occurs when a nonpolar compound interacts with a polar compound

5. Dispersion forces – occurs in all compounds. This is the primary intermolecular force exhibited by nonpolar compounds.

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Problem Details

Which of the following pairs exhibit an ion-dipole interaction?

CH3OH and Na+

CH3CH2OH and H2O

Cl and K+


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