Let’s first differentiate a covalent bond and an ionic bond.
• Covalent or Molecular Compound
▪ composed of more than one nonmetal together
▪ nonmetal + nonmetal = covalent bond
▪ electron sharing
What is the fundamental difference between covalent and ionic bonding?
A. In a covalent bond, the partners share a pair of electrons; in an ionic bond, one partner accepts electrons from the other.
B. Covalent bonds form between atoms of the same element; ionic bonds form between atoms of different elements.
C. Covalent bonding involves only the outermost electron shell; ionic bonding also involves the next electron shell inside the outermost shell.
D. In covalent bonding, both partners end up with filled outer electron shells; in ionic bonding, one partner does and the other does not.
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