Problem: Give the characteristics of a strong acid. A) ionizes completely in aqueous solutions B) has equilibrium far to the right C) has a polar bond D) has a weaker bond to hydrogen E) all of the above

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Weak acids are weak electrolytes that don’t completely ionize but instead reach a state of equilibrium.

Strong acids are considered strong electrolytes. They completely dissociate into ions when dissolved in water.

Strong binary acids – paired with a highly electronegative atom

Strong binary acids are:              HCl, HBr, and HI

Strong oxyacids (or oxoacids) - have 2 or more oxygens than hydrogens

Oxyacids → possess H+ ion, connected to nonmetal and oxygen

Common strong oxyacids are:                  HNO3, HClO3, HClO4, H2SO4

Exceptions to the rule are:                            Oxalic acid (H2C2O4and Iodic acid (HIO3)

▪ both have 2 more O than H but are weak acids because carbon and iodine have low electronegativity


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Problem Details

Give the characteristics of a strong acid. 

A) ionizes completely in aqueous solutions 

B) has equilibrium far to the right 

C) has a polar bond 

D) has a weaker bond to hydrogen 

E) all of the above

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