Calculate Oxidation Numbers Video Lessons

Concept: Oxidation Number

# Problem:  In which of the following does nitrogen have an oxidation state of +4? a) NH4Clb) HNO3c) N2Od) NO2e) NaNO2

###### FREE Expert Solution

For this problem, we have to find the nitrogen atom with an oxidation state of +4 among the given choices.

The rules for oxidation states are as follows:

A. General Rules:

1. For an atom in its elemental form (Zn, Cl2, C(graphite), etc.)    O.S. = 0

2. For an ion (Li+, Al3+, etc.)                                                       O.S. = charge

B. Specific Rules:

1. Group 1A              O.S. = +1

2. Group 2A              O.S. = +2

3. Hydrogen              O.S. = +1, with nonmetals

O.S. = –1 with metals and boron

4. Fluorine                 O.S. = –1

5. Oxygen                  O.S. = –1 in peroxides (X2O2, X = Group 1A)

O.S. = –1/2 in superoxides (XO2, X = Group 1A)

O.S. = –2 in other compounds

6. Group 7A               O.S. = –1 (except when bonded to O)

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###### Problem Details
In which of the following does nitrogen have an oxidation state of +4?
a) NH4Cl
b) HNO3
c) N2O
d) NO2
e) NaNO2