Isomers are the compounds having the same molecular formulae but different structural formulae. Cis-trans isomerism arises when the groups attached to an atom have a different orientation with respect to each other in three-dimensional space. A cis isomer is the isomer in which the similar groups are oriented on the same side and a trans isomer has similar groups on different sides.
We are being asked to determine which of the given square planar complex ions can have cis-trans isomers.
Recall that cis-trans isomers are geometric isomers. A cis-isomer has similar groups on the same side; while, a trans-isomer has similar groups on different sides.
Which of these square planar complex ions can have cis-trans isomers?
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