Problem: How does the hybridization of the sulfur atom change in the series SF2, SF4, SF6?

FREE Expert Solution

We are being asked to identify the hybridization change of the sulfur atom in the series SF2, SF4, SF6. First, we will have to draw the Lewis Structures of SF2, SF4, SF6.


For SF2:

Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule.

S → less electronegative atom than F → central atom


Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.          

SF2:

            Group            Valence Electrons
S         6A                   1 x 6 e- = 6 e-
F         7A                   2 x 7 e- = 14 e-
                                    Total: 20 valence e-

Step 3: Draw the Lewis Structure for the molecule

• F → prefers to have 1 bond and complete octet
surround S with the F atoms
• distribute extra electrons in each of the F atoms (since they prefer to have complete octet)
if there are remaining electrons, place it in the central atom

94% (15 ratings)
View Complete Written Solution
Problem Details

How does the hybridization of the sulfur atom change in the series SF2, SF4, SF6?

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Hybridization concept. You can view video lessons to learn Hybridization. Or if you need more Hybridization practice, you can also practice Hybridization practice problems.