The tomato is dropped. What is the velocity, *v*, of the tomato when it hits the ground? Assume 83.3 % of the work done in Part A is transferred to kinetic energy, *E*, by the time the tomato hits the ground.

Express your answer with the appropriate units.

An object can possess *kinetic energy*, the energy of motion, and/or *potential energy*, the energy of position. Energy can be transferred in many ways, one of which is in the form of *work*. Work, *w*, is the energy transferred when an object is caused to move a distance, *d*, against a force, *F*. Mathematically, we would write this as

$\mathbf{w}\mathbf{=}\mathbf{Fd}$

Force is the product of mass, *m*, and acceleration, *a*:

$\mathbf{F}\mathbf{=}\mathbf{ma}$

When the acceleration is due to gravity, the symbol *g* is used instead of *a*, and its value is g = 9.81 m ⋅ s^{−2}.

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