Use the masses of carbon dioxide, CO2, and water, H2O, to determine the empirical formula of the alkane component.
A 1.566 g sample of a component of the light petroleum distillate called naphtha is found to yield 4.800 g CO2(g) and 2.292 g H2O(l) on complete combustion.
This particular compound is also found to be an alkane with one methyl group attached to a longer carbon chain and to have a molecular formula twice its empirical formula. The compound also has the following properties:
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