Part B. A potential energy curve is displayed in the simulation similar to the one displayed below. The points A through E represent the position of the moving atom.
Identify how increasing the atom diameter will impact the forces experienced by the atoms at each of the five points (A to E) shown.
Drag the appropriate items to their respective bins.
Valence bond theory explains that a bond is formed when two atomic orbitals overlap.
The graph that compares the distance between atoms (x axis) versus the potential energy of the atoms (y axis) is known as the potential energy curve. This potential energy curve shows how the potential energy of the system changes as the two atoms come together to form a chemical bond This curve is unique for every set of atoms that form a bond.
In the potential energy curve created for you in the simulation, consider the gray line parallel to the x axis to be a potential energy of zero. The potential energy is negative below the gray line and positive above the gray line. The potential energy minimum (lowest point) indicates where a chemical bond is formed. The bond length is the distance between the two atoms when the potential energy is lowest in the potential energy curve.
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Chemical Bonds concept. You can view video lessons to learn Chemical Bonds. Or if you need more Chemical Bonds practice, you can also practice Chemical Bonds practice problems.