The structure of methyl acrylate is shown here. Indicate the type of hybridization for each numbered atom .
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Hybridization is used to explain not only the number of bonds formed in a compound, but the equivalence of these bonds. It is based in quantum mechanics, which allows for the mathematical combination of atomic orbital wave functions to produce a new equivalent set of orbitals called hybrid atomic orbitals. These orbitals differ from the component atomic orbitals in both shape and directionality. This new directionality provides for maximum overlap of bonding orbitals, resulting in extremely strong bonds. The type of hybrid orbitals used in bonding determines the bond angles and geometry. The following table shows a convenient method to relate number of VSEPR charge clouds, geometry, and hybridization.
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Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Hybridization concept. You can view video lessons to learn Hybridization. Or if you need more Hybridization practice, you can also practice Hybridization practice problems.