What is the name of the hybrid orbitals used by chlorine in ClF3?
Express your answer in condensed form in order of increasing orbital energy as a string without blank space between orbitals. For example, sp2d2 should be entered as sp2d2.
Carbon has four valence electrons in a configuration of 2s22p2 as shown in the diagram. For carbon to form four covalent bonds it must have four unpaired electrons. For carbon to have four unpaired electrons, hybridization must occur. If the s orbital and the three p orbitals were to combine, or hybridize, carbon could have four degenerate orbitals at an energy midway between the s and the p orbitals. The resulting orbitals are called sp3 because they are the combination of one s and three p orbitals.
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