Suppose that you have 16 diatomic molecules or ions with the valence molecular orbital arrangement shown here , but with different numbers of valence electrons. Species 1 has one valence electron, species 2 has two valence electrons, etc. Classify each as diamagnetic or paramagnetic.
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The way a substance behaves in a magnetic field provides an important insight into the arrangements of its electrons. Molecules with one or more unpaired electrons are attracted into a magnetic field. The more unpaired electrons there are in a species, the stronger will be the force of attraction. Substances with no unpaired electrons are weakly repelled from a magnetic field.
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