Problem: Which element has the highest (most negative) electron affinity?A. HeB. ClC. LiD. SrE. FeElectron affinityThe electron affinity of atoms is also periodic. The electron affinity of an atom is the energy that is lost or gained when an electron is added to a neutral atom of the element in a gaseous state. A more negative electron affinity is considered a higher electron affinity value. It tends to become more negative going from left to right across a row in the table and less negative going down a column. Electron affinities are not as smoothly periodic as some of the other properties, with some major exceptions opposing the general trends. For example, the group 2 and group 18 elements have positive electron affinities, and each of the row 2 elements B through F are less negative than the elements just below them in the column. In general, however, electron affinities tend to be more negative as you move toward the upper right-hand corner of the periodic table.

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Problem Details

Which element has the highest (most negative) electron affinity?

A. He

B. Cl

C. Li

D. Sr

E. Fe


Electron affinity

The electron affinity of atoms is also periodic. The electron affinity of an atom is the energy that is lost or gained when an electron is added to a neutral atom of the element in a gaseous state. A more negative electron affinity is considered a higher electron affinity value. It tends to become more negative going from left to right across a row in the table and less negative going down a column. Electron affinities are not as smoothly periodic as some of the other properties, with some major exceptions opposing the general trends. For example, the group 2 and group 18 elements have positive electron affinities, and each of the row 2 elements B through F are less negative than the elements just below them in the column. In general, however, electron affinities tend to be more negative as you move toward the upper right-hand corner of the periodic table.

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Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Periodic Trends: Electron Affinity concept. You can view video lessons to learn Periodic Trends: Electron Affinity. Or if you need more Periodic Trends: Electron Affinity practice, you can also practice Periodic Trends: Electron Affinity practice problems.