What can be said about the relationship between the number of hydrogen atoms and the number of carbon atoms in an alkane or alcohol with only single bonds?
Organic molecules generally consist of a chain of carbon atoms surrounded by hydrogen atoms or functional groups. The number of carbon atoms in the main chain is specified by using a prefix, the most common of which are listed in the table.
A carbon atom will form four bonds with other atoms, while oxygen will form two bonds and hydrogen will form one bond.
For this problem, draw all hydrogen atoms explicitly.
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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
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