Part A. A hydrocarbon is a compound that contains mostly carbon and hydrogen. Calculate the percent composition (by mass) of the following hydrocarbon: C4H10.
Percent composition refers to the mass percent of each element in a compound:
For example, the percent composition of water, H2O, is 11.2% hydrogen and 88.8% oxygen. Therefore, a 100-g sample of water contains 11.2 g of hydrogen atoms and 88.8 g of oxygen atoms.
The periodic table will be useful when doing this problem. You can access a periodic table by clicking the "Tools" link in the upper right corner of this page.
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