A relatively simple way of estimating profit is to consider the difference between the cost (the total spent on materials and waste disposal) and the earnings (the price at which the product can be sold). Calculate the profit from producing 26.00 kg of propene oxide.
Express your answer numerically in dollars using three significant figures.
The word "green" has come to mean "environmentally friendly." Green chemistry is an international initiative to make all industrial products, processes, and chemical reactions compatible with a sustainable society and environment. It encourages manufacturers to use practices that result in reduced waste and reduced use of energy and resources.
Green chemistry can be summarized by twelve basic principles:
1. Prevent waste
2. Maximize reactant use
3. Use less toxic reactants and produce less toxic byproducts
4. Products should have minimal toxicity
5. Solvents should be lower toxicity and used sparingly
6. Energy usage should be minimized
7. Raw material should be renewable
8. Minimize extra synthesis steps
9. Use catalysts
10. Products should biodegrade after their useful lifetime
11. Reactions should be monitored for pollution production
12. Chemicals should minimize the potential for accidents
For industry to adopt a green process, there is also the need to demonstrate that it is economically feasible.
A fictional company has been producing propene oxide, C3H6O, from propene, C3H6, with a 96.0% yield. The process requires the use of a compound called m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid, C7H5O3Cl, which can be abbreviated as mCPBA. The entire reaction takes place in the solvent dichloromethane, CH2Cl2
C3H6 + C7H5O3Cl → C3H6O + C7H5O2Cl (CH2Cl2 as catalyst at 96% yield)
Consider the prices of the following substances.
Also consider that the cost of waste disposal is $5.00 per kilogram of propene oxide produced.
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