The Van der Waals equation is shown below:

$\overline{)\left(\mathbf{P}\mathbf{+}\mathbf{a}\frac{{\mathbf{n}}^{\mathbf{2}}}{{\mathbf{V}}^{\mathbf{2}}}\right)\left(\mathbf{V}\mathbf{-}\mathbf{n}\mathbf{b}\right){\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{n}}{\mathbf{R}}{\mathbf{T}}}$

▪ **a** = polarity coefficient

▪ **b **= size coefficient

(a) Briefly explain the significance of the constants *a* and *b* in the van der Waals equation.

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