Problem: A. What does the term paramagnetism mean?B. How can one determine experimentally whether a substance is paramagnetic?C. Which of the following ions would you expect to be paramagnetic: O2+, N22-, Li2+, O22-?D. For each of the ions O2+, N22-, Li2+, determine the number of unpaired electrons.

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A. Paramagnetism refers to elements or ions that contain at least one unpaired electron.

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Problem Details

A. What does the term paramagnetism mean?

B. How can one determine experimentally whether a substance is paramagnetic?

C. Which of the following ions would you expect to be paramagnetic: O2+, N22-, Li2+, O22-?

D. For each of the ions O2+, N22-, Li2+, determine the number of unpaired electrons.

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