Problem: The shielding of electrons gives rise to an effective nuclear charge, Zeff, which explains why boron is larger than oxygen. Estimate the approximate Zeff felt by a valence electron of boron and oxygen, respectively?a) +5 and +8b) +3 and +6c) +5 and +6d) +3 and +8e) +1 and +4

FREE Expert Solution
85% (76 ratings)
FREE Expert Solution

Effective nuclear charge can be calculated as:

Zeff = atomic #- core electrons

For B (3 valence electrons):

85% (76 ratings)
Problem Details

The shielding of electrons gives rise to an effective nuclear charge, Zeff, which explains why boron is larger than oxygen. Estimate the approximate Zeff felt by a valence electron of boron and oxygen, respectively?

a) +5 and +8

b) +3 and +6

c) +5 and +6

d) +3 and +8

e) +1 and +4

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