Problem: Consider a galvanic (voltaic) cell that has the generic metals X and Y as electrodes. If X is more reactive than Y (that is, X more readily reacts to form a cation than Y does), classify the following descriptions by whether they apply to the X or Y electrode.anodecathodeelectrons in the wire flow towardelectrons in the wire flow awaycations from salt bridge flow towardanions from salt bridge flow towardgains massloses mass

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voltaic cell

  • electrons flow from the anode to the cathode
  • anode dissolves away and solids are deposited in the surface of the cathode
  • salt bridge provides counterions to anode and cathode solution


X more readily reacts to form cation the Y does


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Problem Details

Consider a galvanic (voltaic) cell that has the generic metals X and Y as electrodes. If X is more reactive than Y (that is, X more readily reacts to form a cation than Y does), classify the following descriptions by whether they apply to the X or Y electrode.

anode

cathode

electrons in the wire flow toward

electrons in the wire flow away

cations from salt bridge flow toward

anions from salt bridge flow toward

gains mass

loses mass