# Problem: Answer the following questions about the reaction of iron (III) oxide with carbon monoxide.a. Write the balanced reaction between iron (III) oxide and carbon monoxide to form iron metal and carbon dioxide.b. Identify the oxidation state of:A. iron in iron (III) oxide ____B. carbon in carbon monoxide ____C. iron in iron metal ____D. carbon in carbon dioxide ____c. What is reduction?A. Loss of electronsB. Increase in oxidation numberC. Gain of electronsD. A and BE. B and C

###### FREE Expert Solution

a. Write the balanced reaction between iron (III) oxide and carbon monoxide to form iron metal and carbon dioxide.

iron (III) oxide →  Fe3O2
carbon monoxide → CO
iron metal → Fe
carbon dioxide → CO2

Balanced reaction: Fe2O3 + 3 CO → 2 Fe + 3 CO2

b. Identify the oxidation state of:

A. iron in iron (III) oxide ____

iron (III) oxide →  Fe2O3

This is neither a peroxide nor superoxide, which means O.S. of O = –2

This is also a neutral compound so the total oxidation state is zero.

2 (O.S. of Fe) + 3(O.S. of O) = 0
2 (O.S. of Fe) + 3(–2) = 0
2 (O.S. of Fe) – 6 = 0
2 (O.S. of Fe) = +6
O.S. of Fe = +3

Oxidation State of Fe = +3

B. carbon in carbon monoxide ____

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###### Problem Details

Answer the following questions about the reaction of iron (III) oxide with carbon monoxide.

a. Write the balanced reaction between iron (III) oxide and carbon monoxide to form iron metal and carbon dioxide.

b. Identify the oxidation state of:

A. iron in iron (III) oxide ____

B. carbon in carbon monoxide ____

C. iron in iron metal ____

D. carbon in carbon dioxide ____

c. What is reduction?

A. Loss of electrons

B. Increase in oxidation number

C. Gain of electrons

D. A and B

E. B and C