Problem: Describe the hybrid orbitals used by the central atom and the type(s) of bonds formed ina) O3b) I3c) COCl2 (C is central).

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We are being asked to identify the hybridization of the central atom in the given molecules


Orbitals that can be used by the central atom:


 Subshell                   Total # of orbitals 

        s             _                 1 orbital  

        p          _ _ _              3 orbitals

        d        _ _ _ _ _          5 orbitals


O3


Total valence electrons;

O          Group 6A        6 valence e x  3 

Total = 18 valence e


Lewis Structure for the molecule


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Problem Details

Describe the hybrid orbitals used by the central atom and the type(s) of bonds formed in

a) O3

b) I3

c) COCl2 (C is central).