Problem: Describe the hybrid orbitals used by the central atom and the type(s) of bonds formed ina) O3b) I3c) COCl2 (C is central).

FREE Expert Solution

We are being asked to identify the hybridization of the central atom in the given molecules


Orbitals that can be used by the central atom:


 Subshell                   Total # of orbitals 

        s             _                 1 orbital  

        p          _ _ _              3 orbitals

        d        _ _ _ _ _          5 orbitals


O3


Total valence electrons;

O          Group 6A        6 valence e x  3 

Total = 18 valence e


Lewis Structure for the molecule


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Problem Details

Describe the hybrid orbitals used by the central atom and the type(s) of bonds formed in

a) O3

b) I3

c) COCl2 (C is central).

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