•In a neutral atom:
Atomic number = # of protons = # of electrons
• Distribute electrons in the atomic orbitals:
s orbital → can hold a maximum of 2 electrons
p orbitals → can hold maximum of 6 electrons
d orbitals → can hold maximum of 10 electrons
f orbitals → can hold maximum of 14 electrons
S: atomic number = 16 → 16 protons & 16 electrons
Write the full ground-state electron configuration for each element.
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