Problem: Which one of the following substances is a Lewis acid?A. CH4B. H2C. H2OD. NH3E. BF3
FREE Expert Solution
We’re being asked to determine which of the given compounds is a Lewis acid.
Based on the Lewis definition:
Lewis acid is an electron pair acceptor.
Some characteristics of a Lewis acid:
• When hydrogen is connected to an electronegative element such as P, O, N, S or halogens
▪ hydrogen gains a partially positive charge → makes hydrogen act as a Lewis acid
• Positively charged metal ions
▪ can accept negative electron pairs → can act as Lewis Acids
• Central element that has less than 8 valence electrons around it
▪ more likely to accept an electron pair to follow the octet rule
▪ can accept electron pair → can act as Lewis acid
Lewis base is an electron pair donor.
Which one of the following substances is a Lewis acid?
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