Problem: What types of intermolecular forces exist between CH3Cl molecules?I. Dispersion forcesII. DipoleIII. Hydrogen bondingIV. IonicA) II and IIIB) I, II, and IIIC) I onlyD) I and IIE) I and III

FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to identify the intermolecular forces present in CH3Cl

Recall that there are several types of intermolecular forces:

1. Ion-dipole interaction – occurs between an ion and a polar covalent compound

2. Hydrogen bonding – occurs in compounds where hydrogen is directly connected to an electronegative element such as N, O, or F

3. Dipole-dipole interaction – occurs between two polar covalent compounds

4. Induced-dipole interaction – occurs when a nonpolar compound interacts with a polar compound

5. Dispersion forces – occurs in all compounds. This is the primary intermolecular force exhibited by nonpolar compounds.

For this problem, we need to do the following steps:

Step 1: Determine the central atom in the molecule.

Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.

Step 3: Draw the Lewis structure for the molecule.

Step 4: Determine the polarity and IMF of the molecule.

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Problem Details

What types of intermolecular forces exist between CH3Cl molecules?

I. Dispersion forces

II. Dipole

III. Hydrogen bonding

IV. Ionic

A) II and III

B) I, II, and III

C) I only

D) I and II

E) I and III