Problem: A solution is prepared by dissolving 456 g of sucrose (C12H22O11, molar mass 342 g/mol) in 764 g of water (18.02 g/mol; density 1.00 g/mL) calculate:c) The freezing point of the solution (Kf = 1.86 °C/m).

FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to calculate the freezing point of the solution. 


Recall that the freezing point of a solution is lower than that of the pure solvent and the change in freezing point (ΔT­f) is given by:


ΔTf=Tf, pure solvent-Tf, solution


The change in freezing point is also related to the molality of the solution:


ΔTf=imKf


where:

i = van’t Hoff factor

m = molality of the solution (in m or mol/kg)

Kf = freezing point depression constant (in ˚C/m) of the solvent


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Problem Details

A solution is prepared by dissolving 456 g of sucrose (C12H22O11, molar mass 342 g/mol) in 764 g of water (18.02 g/mol; density 1.00 g/mL) calculate:

c) The freezing point of the solution (Kf = 1.86 °C/m).

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