Ch.15 - Acid and Base EquilibriumWorksheetSee all chapters
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Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Classify CH3COOHa. strong acidb. weak acidc. strong based. weak basee. salt

Problem

Classify CH3COOH

a. strong acid
b. weak acid
c. strong base
d. weak base
e. salt

Solution

We’re being asked to classify CH3COOH.


Recall the different types of acids and bases:

Bases are characterized by three major features: they may possess metals, they may have a negative charge or they may be an amine

Strong base:

Any Group 1A metal when combined with OH-, H-, O2- or NH2- makes a strong base
Any Group 2A metal (from Ca2+ to Ba2+when combined with OH-, H-, O2- or NH2- makes a strong base


Most acids have one common feature and that is the presence of the hydronium ion, which is represented by H+ or H3O+.

Weak acids are weak electrolytes that don’t completely ionize but instead reach a state of equilibrium. 

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