We’re being asked to calculate the vapor pressure (in torr) of a solution in a solution prepared by dissolving 12.3 g of the non-volatile non-electrolye sucrose (342.3 g/mol) in 141 g of water.
The vapor pressure of a solution can be given by Raoult’s Law:
where P˚ = vapor pressure of solvent and χ = mole fraction of solvent.
We're going to calculate the vapor pressure of the solution using the following steps:
Step 1: Calculate the moles of solvent (water) and moles of solute (sucrose)
Step 2: Calculate the mole fraction of solvent (water)
Step 3: Calculate the vapor pressure of the solution
Mole fraction is given by:
Calculate the vapor pressure (in torr) at 310 K in a solution prepared by dissolving 12.3 g of the non-volatile non-electrolye sucrose (342.3 g/mol) in 141 g of water. The vapor pressure of water at 310 K is 47.08 torr. Enter your answer to 2 decimal places.
A. 0.06 torr
B. 64.86 torr
C. 0.215 torr
D. 46.86 torr
E. 17.72 torr
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