Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the ElementsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Problem

Using the periodic table, indicate which element would have each of the following properties. If more than one element is possible, only list the one with the smallest atomic number:

(a) has exactly two unpaired electrons with an l = 1:

(b) has exactly three electrons with n = 5, l = 2:

Solution

We are asked to identify the smallest atomic number element that fits the criteria below: 

(a) has exactly two unpaired electrons with an l = 1:

(b) has exactly three electrons with n = 5, l = 2:


Recall that the quantum numbers that define an electron are:

• Principal Quantum Number (n): deals with the size and energy of the atomic orbital. The possible values for n are 1 to ∞.

• Angular Momentum Quantum Number (l): deals with the shape of the atomic orbital. The possible values for l are 0 to n – 1.

• Magnetic Quantum Number (ml): deals with the orientation of the atomic orbital in 3D space. The possible values for ml are the range of –l to +l.

• Spin Quantum Number (ms): deals with the spin of the electron. The possible values for ms are either –1/2 (spin down) or +1/2 (spin up).


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