You can determine the ground-state electron configuration of Bismuth (Bi) by referring to the periodic table and locating the position of Bi in the periodic table.
Ground-state means that the element is in its lowest energy form (not in excited state). Bi has no charge which means that no electrons are removed or added in the atom.
You will see in the above illustration of the periodic table that Bi is in Period 6, Group 5A, and p block.
Select the ground state electron configuration of Bi.
(a) [Xe] 6s25d106p3
(b) [Xe] 7s25f145d107p3
(c) [Xe] 6s24f145d106p3
(d) [Xe] 6s26f146d106p3
(e) [Xe] 6s24f144d106p3
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