Determine the # of unpaired electrons by constructing an orbital diagram for each atom
To do so, we need to do the following steps:
Step 1: Determine the shorthand e– config. of the neutral element.
Step 2: Draw the orbital diagram for the outermost sublevel and determine the number of unpaired electron
Note that for a neutral element, Atomic Number = # of protons = # of electrons.
Which of the following atoms has the most unpaired electrons?
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