All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: At which set of conditions listed below will the atoms be moving the fastest?(a) Ne at 100°C(b) Ar at 100°C(c) Ne at 50°C(d) Ar at 50°C(e) the conditions in answers (a) and (b) and (c) and (d) will be

Problem

At which set of conditions listed below will the atoms be moving the fastest?

(a) Ne at 100°C

(b) Ar at 100°C

(c) Ne at 50°C

(d) Ar at 50°C

(e) the conditions in answers (a) and (b) and (c) and (d) will be the same speeds

Solution

We’re being asked which of the options will the atoms be moving fastest. 


To know that we have to calculate for the root mean square speed (μrmsand use the following equation:

μrms = 3RTM

µrms = rms speed,
R = 8.314 J/(mol·K)
T = temperature, K
M = molar mass, kg/mol


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