Ch.3 - Chemical ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Determine the name for P4O10.a. phosphorus (IV) oxideb. diphosphorus pentoxidec. phosphorus oxided. phosphorus (II) oxidee. tetraphosphorus decoxide

Problem

Determine the name for P4O10.

a. phosphorus (IV) oxide

b. diphosphorus pentoxide

c. phosphorus oxide

d. phosphorus (II) oxide

e. tetraphosphorus decoxide

Solution

We’re being asked to determine the name of P4O10. Iodine and oxygen are both nonmetals. 


Recall that a covalent compound is composed of nonmetals which means P4O10 is a covalent compound.


The rules for naming covalent compounds are as follows:

1. The first nonmetal is named normally and uses all numerical prefixes except mono.

2. The second nonmetal keeps its base name but has its ending change to –ide. It will also use any of the numerical prefixes.


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