Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium WorksheetSee all chapters
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Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: A 1.0L buffer solution contains 0.100 mol of HC2H3O2 and 0.100 mol of NaC2H3O2. The value of Ka for HC2H3O2 is 1.8×10−5. Calculate the pH of the solution upon the addition of 10.0 mL of 1.00 M  HCl to

Problem

A 1.0L buffer solution contains 0.100 mol of HC2H3O2 and 0.100 mol of NaC2H3O2. The value of Ka for HC2H3O2 is 1.8×10−5. Calculate the pH of the solution upon the addition of 10.0 mL of 1.00 M  HCl to the original buffer.

Solution

Determine the pH of the buffer upon addition of strong acid using an ICF table and Henderson-Hasselbalch equation.

Step 1. Determine the moles of acid added

  • Use the formula for molarity to determine the moles of H+ or H3O+
  • Recall that HCl is a monoprotic acid (produces one H+ per molecule)
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