Chemistry Practice Problems Conjugate Acids and Bases Practice Problems Solution: Consider the reaction below.NH4+ + H2O → NH3 + H3O...

Solution: Consider the reaction below.NH4+ + H2O → NH3 + H3O+Which is an acid-conjugate base pair?

Problem

Consider the reaction below.

NH4+ + H2O → NH3 + H3O+

Which is an acid-conjugate base pair?

Solution

We have to determine which of the species make up an acid-conjugate base pair.

Conjugate acids and bases are a part of the Brønsted-Lowry acid-base theory.

  • This theory is based on the transfer of protons.
  • An acid is a proton donor.
  • An acid gains a negative charge by the loss of a proton.
  • The specie formed after the loss of a proton from an acid is called its conjugate base.
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