Problem: Write a balanced chemical equation for the following and classify the reaction. Acetic acid and lithium hydroxide solution produce water and aqueous lithium acetate.

FREE Expert Solution

Before balancing the chemical reaction, let’s first write the chemical formula of each of the compounds involved in the reaction.


Reactants:

Acetic Acid

• Acetic acid is made up of H+ ion and CH3COO- ion

• When ions combine, their charges or oxidation numbers crisscross to become subscripts

          • H+ will have a subscript of 1 from CH3COO- → H

          • CH3COO- will have a subscript of 1 from H+ → CH3COO

          • Subscript 1 is no longer indicated → HCH3COO(aq)


Lithium Hydroxide

• Lithium is metal Li. In forms ionic bond as Li+

• Hydroxide contains H (‘hydro’) and O (‘oxide) → OH-

When ions combine, their charges or oxidation numbers crisscross to become subscripts

          • Li+ will have a subscript of 1 from OH- → Li

          • OH- will have a subscript of 1 from Li+ → OH

          • Subscript 1 is no longer indicated → LiOH

Recall: Li is from group 1A. Group 1A salts are soluble.


View Complete Written Solution
Problem Details

Write a balanced chemical equation for the following and classify the reaction. 

Acetic acid and lithium hydroxide solution produce water and aqueous lithium acetate.