We are being asked to draw the Lewis structure of hydrogen chloride.
In drawing the Lewis structure:
STEP 1: Determine the total number of valence electrons
STEP 2: Determine the central atom based on the least electronegative atom
STEP 3: Represent bonding pairs using a line.
STEP 4: Distribute the electrons on the terminal atoms. Excess electrons are placed on the central atom.
First, Let’s write the formula for hydrogen chloride
• H is a non-metal from group 1A → H
• Chlorine is a non-metal from group 7A → Cl
What is the Lewis electron-dot structure for a molecule of hydrogen chloride?
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