Problem: Hydrochloric acid HCl reacts with sodium carbonate Na 2CO3, forming sodium chloride NaCl, water H2O, and carbon dioxide CO2. This equation is balanced as written:2HCl(aq) + Na2CO3(aq) = 2NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)What volume of 1.50 M HCl in liters is needed to react completely (with nothing left over) with 0.500 L of 0.200 M Na2CO3? Express your answer numerically in liters.

FREE Expert Solution

Use the formula of molarity and the balanced equation to determine the volume of 1.50 M HCl needed to react with 0.50 L of 0.20 M Na2CO3

Step 1. Establish the dimensional analysis for the solution stoichiometry

  • Recall that Molarity is equal to:
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Problem Details

Hydrochloric acid HCl reacts with sodium carbonate Na 2CO3, forming sodium chloride NaCl, water H2O, and carbon dioxide CO2. This equation is balanced as written:

2HCl(aq) + Na2CO3(aq) = 2NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)

What volume of 1.50 M HCl in liters is needed to react completely (with nothing left over) with 0.500 L of 0.200 M Na2CO3? Express your answer numerically in liters.

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