We’re being asked to construct the orbital diagram for Mg. For that, we first need to determine the electron configuration of Mg.
Recall that for a neutral element, Atomic number = # of protons = # of electrons.
The atomic number of Mg is 12 and since it’s a neutral element, this means Mg has 12 electrons.
Construct an orbital diagram to show the electron configuration for a neutral magnesium atom, Mg.
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