We have to identify the type of radioactive decay that is represented by the given equations and determine the missing product in each.
The spontaneous breakdown of a larger atomic nucleus to produce energy and smaller nucleus/nuclei is called radioactive decay.
Different types of radioactive decay are:
α-decay: The decaying nucleus produces a smaller nucleus and a helium nucleus (α-particle).
β-decay: 𝛽-decay can be of two types.
𝛽- decay: It is also known as negatron emission. In this type of decay a neutron is converted into a proton while an electron is ejected from the nucleus.
𝛽+ decay: It is also known as positron emission. In this type of decay a proton is converted into a neutron while a positron is ejected from the nucleus.
γ-decay: This only emits γ-rays which are high-energy electromagnetic radiation. The atomic number and mass number of the decaying nucleus remain unchanged.
Identify the product of radioactive decay and classify the given nuclear reactions accordingly (α decay, β decay, γ decay).
23490Th → 23088Ra + ?
23892U → 23893Np + ?
24294Pu → 23892U + ?
209F → 2010Ne + ?
23793Np → 23793Np + ?
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