We’re being asked to **determine the mass of iron-59 left after 267 days.**

Recall that ** radioactive/nuclear decay of isotopes** follows first-order kinetics, and the integrated rate law for first-order reactions is:

$\overline{){\mathbf{ln}}{\mathbf{\left[}\mathbf{N}\mathbf{\right]}}_{{\mathbf{t}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{-}}{\mathbf{kt}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{+}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{ln}}{\mathbf{\left[}\mathbf{N}\mathbf{\right]}}_{{\mathbf{0}}}}$

where:

**[N] _{t}** = concentration at time t

**k** = decay constant

**t** = time

**[N] _{0}** = initial concentration.

Also, recall that ** half-life** is the time needed for the amount of a reactant to decrease by 50% or one-half.

The half-life of a first-order reaction is given by:

$\overline{){{\mathbf{t}}}_{\raisebox{1ex}{$\mathbf{1}$}\!\left/ \!\raisebox{-1ex}{$\mathbf{2}$}\right.}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}\frac{\mathbf{ln}\mathbf{}\mathbf{2}}{\mathbf{k}}}$

Iron-59 is a beta emitter with a half-life of 44.5 days. If a sample initially contains 164 mg of iron-59, how much iron-59 is left in the sample after 267 days?

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the First Order Half Life concept. You can view video lessons to learn First Order Half Life. Or if you need more First Order Half Life practice, you can also practice First Order Half Life practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Nelson's class at Chemeketa Community College.