We have to determine which of the two given microstates of the system has the higher entropy.
A specific way, in which the energy of a system can be arranged, is called a microstate. Each microstate has a different probability.
We have to first determine how many microstates of the given system are possible.
Consider a system that consists of two standard playing dice, with the state of the system defined by the sum of the values shown on the top faces.
The two arrangements of top faces shown here can be viewed as two possible microstates of the system. Which state or states have the highest entropy? Explain.
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