Living organisms use energy from the metabolism of food to create an energy-rich molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The ATP then acts as an energy source for a variety of reactions that the living organism must carry out to survive. ATP provides energy through its hydrolysis, which can be symbolized as follows: ATP(aq) + H2O(l) → ADP(aq) + Pi(aq), ΔG˚rxn = –30.5 kJ, where ADP represents adenosine diphosphate and Pi represents an inorganic phosphate group (such as HPO42–).
The free energy obtained from the oxidation (reaction with oxygen) of glucose (C6H12O6) to form carbon dioxide and water can be used to re-form ATP by driving the above reaction in reverse. Calculate the standard free energy change for the oxidation of glucose.
Frequently Asked Questions
What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Gibbs Free Energy concept. You can view video lessons to learn Gibbs Free Energy. Or if you need more Gibbs Free Energy practice, you can also practice Gibbs Free Energy practice problems.